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Calendar >  Amazing and Unusual Natural Formations Around the World – Part 2

Amazing and Unusual Natural Formations Around the World – Part 2

By   /  January 20, 2023  /  No Comments

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TR Robertson -Part 2 of the continuation of some of the most interesting and unique natural formations in different locations around the world. Most of the locations are accessible, like the Glow Worm Caves of New Zealand my family has visited, and some of the spots would require experienced guides and are dangerous to visit, like the Cave of Crystals in Mexico. Each of the spots can be visited on the internet for additional pictures of the different locations.

Tianzi Mountains – Hunan Province of China – This magnificent mountain range was named after a Chinese farmer who led a farmer’s revolt, changing his name to Xiang Wang Tianzi (Son of Heaven). This giant pillar-like mountain range rises from 1,752 ft. to 4,142 feet tall. The quartz sandstone mountains were formed 400 million years ago and are considered sacred today.

Cave of Crystals or Giant Crystal Cave – Naica, Chihuahua, Mexico – These crystal caves are in the Naica Mine at a depth of 980 feet and deeper. The most accessible chamber contains giant selenite crystals, the largest 37 feet long weighing 12 tons. The cave is extremely hot and temperatures can reach 136 degrees Fahrenheit. The cave was discovered in 2000 by 2 brothers who were drilling in the mine. The cave is above a magma chamber 2 miles below the surface.

Cano Cristales River – Colombia – This river is located in Meta, a tributary of Guayabero River. It was found in 1969 by a group of local farmers. The river is called the River of Five Colors and Liquid Rainbow. The striking colors tend to be yellow, green, blue, black and red. Most of the coloration is caused by various minerals in the water and a wide variety of different aquatic plants.

Danakil Depression – Ethiopia – This geological depression was formed from the divergence of three tectonic plates. It is in the middle of a plain that is 124×31 miles in area and sits 410 feet below sea level. The plain is said to be the hottest place on Earth with the hottest year-round temperatures. Also on the plain is Gaet’ale Pond, a small hypersaline lake with a salinity of 43% making the pond the saltiest body of water on the Earth. The pond was formed in 2005 as the result of an earthquake.

Waitomo Glow Worm Caves – New Zealand – Located on the North Island, the Glow Worm caves are part of a larger cave system with over 300 limestone caves in the region. The caves are two hours south of Auckland. The walls of the caves are covered in fungi. The Glow Worms hang from the ceiling of the caves which are reached on small canoes from guided tours.

Lake Baikal – Southern Siberia, Russia – This right lake is the world’s largest freshwater lake by volume and is more than all five Great Lakes combined. The lake is the world’s deepest lake at 5,387 feet, the world’s oldest lake at 25-30 million years and one of the world’s clearest lakes. Baikal is a UNESCO World Heritage site since 1996. The lake is home to thousands of plants and animals, many endemic to the region. On the eastern side of the lake the temperatures can drop to -19 degrees in the winter and no warmer than 57 degrees in the summer.

Ice Caves – Iceland – These beautiful blue crystal caves have names like Vatnajokull, Katla, Langjokull, and Lofthellir. These natural ice caves are constantly changing and must be seen with a tour guide. The temperatures in the caves are a constant 32-38 degrees. The cave ice walls can be white, blue or black.

Zhangye Danxia Landform – China – This geopark covered 124 square miles and is at least 24 million years old. The formations are known for their colorful rock, towering pillars and ravines all of varying colors, patterns and sizes. They are at the foothills of the Qilian mountains.

Grand Prismatic Spring – Wyoming – Located in Yellowstone National Park, this is the largest hot spring in the United States and 3rd largest in the world. It is located in the Midway Geyser Basin. The spring is 370 feet in diameter and 160 feet deep. The average water temperature is 160 degrees Fahrenheit. The mineral rich water is vibrant in colors and the spring can be reached by following a raised walkway.

Darvaza Gas Crater – Turkmenistan – Known as the Door to Hell and Gates of Hell, this crater is near the village of Darvaza. The natural gas filled cavern collapsed and the poisonous gas was set on fire to prevent the spread of the gas. It is said a Soviet oil rig collapsed into the top of the cavern in the late 1960’s allowing the gas to begin to escape. The gas was ignited in 1971. The crater is 230 feet wide and 65 feet deep.

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  • Published: 2 weeks ago on January 20, 2023
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  • Last Modified: January 20, 2023 @ 4:53 pm
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